Thinking about or Dystopia
What is this?
DNA profiling (also called DNA tests, DNA inputting, or innate fingerprinting) can be described as technique that is used to assist inside the identification of people by their individual DNA users. DNA single profiles are protected sets of letters that reflect someone’s DNA cosmetic, which can become used while the person's designation. DNA profiling should not be confused with full genome sequencing. GENETICS profiling can be used in, for instance , parental tests and felony investigation. How does it function?
Although 99. 9% of human DNA sequences are exactly the same in every person, enough of the DNA is unique that it is feasible to distinguish one person from an additional, unless they are monozygotic baby twins. DNA profiling uses repeated sequences which can be highly varying, called adjustable number tandem repeats (VNTRs), in particular brief tandem repeats (STRs). VNTR loci are very similar between closely related humans, tend to be so variable that unrelated individuals are extremely unlikely to get the same VNTRs.
1) Sample of GENETICS obtained
2) Repetitive sequences of DNA used for profiling
3) create more clones of GENETICS by polymerase chain response
4) cutting DNA in to fragments using restriction enzymes (which are just like chemical scissors) 5) separation into bands of GENETICS by electrophoresis
6) several pattern of bands with DNA coming from different people
-- If bands are identical, the DNA came from similar person
- If they are related, people are related
On the picture below, we can clearly see some similarities between kid and Larry, so Lewis, not Frank, is the father
Criminal brought on. Sometimes bad guys leave anything on the crime scene. It may be anything -- saliva, semen, blood or any type of other substance. If police can find and collect these, they can work out who determined the crime. Paternity tests. If a person is not sure, if it is his child, the paternity test out can be done. That clearly displays...
References: Fiona Macrae. (2009). DNA evidence can be created and rooted at criminal offenses scenes. Available: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1207389/DNA-evidence-fabricated-planted-crime-scenes-scientists-warn.html. Last accessed next September 2014.
Shanna Freeman. (2008). Just how DNA Profiling Works. Readily available: http://science.howstuffworks.com/dna-profiling.htm. Last accessed 2nd of Sept. 2010 2014.
Bill Harris. (2009). How DNA Evidence functions. Available: http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/genetic/dna-evidence8.htm. Last accessed 4th Sept. 2010 2014.
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